African‐American Fathers' Perspectives on Facilitators and Barriers to Father–Son Sexual Health Communication
Parent–youth sexual health communication has been found effective in addressing this disparity. Sons who talk to their fathers about sexual health have higher rates of sexual abstinence, condom use, and the intent to delay initiation of sexual intercourse (Akers, Schwarz, Borrero, & Corbie‐Smith, 2010; Coley, Votruba‐Drzal, & Schindler, 2009; Dilorio, McCarty, Resnicow, Lehr, & Denzmore, 2007; Guilamo‐Ramos et al., 2012; Harris, Sutherland, & Hutchinson, 2013). Nonetheless, most research to date on sexual health communication has focused on parent‐daughter communication and on mothers as sexual health educators, and studies that included African‐American fathers have had a broader focus. For example, Wilson, Dalberth, and Koo (2010) conducted 16 focus group discussions with parents of children 10–12 to explore fathers' views of their roles in protecting their preteen age youth from sexual risk and their role in promoting youth's healthy sexual development, but only two groups were of only African‐American fathers. Although fathers have an effect on sexual debut and condom use of their adolescents, further exploration of African‐American fathers' influence on sexual health communication and behavior is needed (Burns & Caldwell, 2016; Glenn, Demi, & Kimble, 2008; Julion, Gross, Barclay‐McLaughlin, & Fogg, 2007; Wilson et al., 2010). Having an understanding of why fathers may or may not discuss sexual health issues with their sons could lead to future socially and culturally congruent interventions aimed at supporting African‐American fathers to be effective sexual health educators.