The impact of in silico screening in the discovery of novel and safer drug candidates
Drug discovery is a multidisciplinary and multivariate optimization endeavor. As such, in silico screening tools have gained considerable importance to archive, analyze and exploit the vast and ever-increasing amount of experimental data generated throughout the process. The current review will focus on the computer-aided prediction of the numerous properties that need to be controlled during the discovery of a preliminary hit and its promotion to a viable clinical candidate. It does not pretend to the almost impossible task of an exhaustive report but will highlight a few key points that need to be collectively addressed both by chemists and biologists to fuel the drug discovery pipeline with innovative and safe drug candidates.