Medical male circumcision coverage in Rakai, Uganda

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Abstract

We assessed medical male circumcision (MMC) scale-up in Rakai, Uganda using population-based surveys during 2007–2014. MMC coverage increased from 28.5 to 52.0%. Coverage was initially lower in 15–19-year-olds but increased in 2014, was higher in married men and in trading communities, and lowest in the sexually inactive. Coverage did not vary by self-perceived risk of HIV or HIV serostatus. Increasing generalized coverage suggested that MMC became normative, but coverage falls short of WHO/Joint United Nations Programme on HIV and AIDS (UNAIDS) 80% targets, indicating the need for demand generation.

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