Adolescent transition clinic in inflammatory bowel disease: quantitative assessment of self-efficacy skills
There is no model for the process of transition of adolescents with inflammatory bowel diseases (IBD) to the adult care protocol. We recently established a transition clinic where 17-year-old to 18-year-old IBD patients are seen by a multidisciplinary team including pediatric and adult gastroenterologists with expertise in IBD treatments, an IBD nurse, and a psychologist. We quantitatively describe this model and its benefits, and correlate demographic and transition parameters to self-efficacy in IBD adolescent patients before and after transition.Patients and methods
All adolescent IBD patients enrolled in our transition clinic between January 2013 and December 2015 were included. They completed a self-efficacy questionnaire (‘IBD-yourself’) before and after the transition. The scores were correlated to demographic, disease, and transition parameters.Results
Thirty of the 36 enrolled patients (mean age: 19±1.8 years, range: 17–27) had Crohn’s disease. Twenty-seven patients completed the transition protocol, which included an average of 3–4 meetings (range: 2–8) over 6.9±3.5 months. Self-efficacy scores in all domains of the questionnaire were significantly higher after completion of the transition. The weighted average score of the questionnaire’s domains was 1.85±0.3 before and 1.41±0.21 after transition (P<0.0001). Age, sex, disease duration, duration of transition, and the number of meetings in the clinic correlated with the questionnaire’s scores in the domains of coping with IBD, knowledge of the transition process, and medication use.Conclusion
A well-planned adolescent IBD transition clinic contributes significantly toward improved self-efficacy in IBD. We recommend its implementation in IBD centers to enable a personalized transition program tailored to the needs of adolescents with IBD in specific domains.