Outcomes of Transvaginal High Uterosacral Ligaments Suspension: Over 500-Patient Single-Center Study

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Abstract

Background

Uterosacral ligament (USL) suspension is a safe and effective procedure in terms of anatomical, functional, and subjective outcomes for primary surgical treatment of prolapse.

Objectives

There has been a renewed interest toward native tissue prolapse repair by vaginal route because of low cost and lack of mesh-related complications. Uterosacral ligaments are considered safe, effective, and durable as suspending structures for primary surgical repair of the apical compartment. Our aim was to evaluate complications, anatomical, functional and subjective outcomes of high USL suspension for primary prolapse repair.

Methods

Data of patients who underwent vaginal hysterectomy followed by high USL suspension for pelvic organ prolapse were retrospectively analyzed. Operative data, as well as complications, were recorded. Anatomical recurrence was defined as descent of any compartment stage II or greater according to the Pelvic Organ Prolapse Quantification system. Functional outcomes focused on urinary, bowel, and sexual dysfunctions. International Consultation on Incontinence Questionnaire–Urinary Incontinence Short Form, Wexner, and Patient Global Impression of Improvement questionnaires were collected.

Results

Data of 533 women were analyzed. Mean follow-up was 32 (SD, 19) months (dropout rate, 2.6%). Most frequent complication was ureteral kinking (2.6%). Total recurrence rate was 13.7%, with anterior compartment being the most frequent (9.4%), whereas reoperation for symptomatic prolapse recurrence was required in only 1% of patients. Improvement of urinary incontinence, voiding dysfunction, constipation, and dyspareunia was observed. Overall subjective satisfaction was high (Patient Global Impression of Improvement score, 1.3), ranging from “much improved” to “very much improved.”

Conclusions

Uterosacral ligament suspension is a safe and effective procedure in primary surgical treatment of pelvic organ prolapse. Anatomical, functional, and subjective outcomes were very satisfactory, and reoperation rate for recurrence was only 1%.

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