Concomitant Use of Panobinostat and Reirradiation in Progressive DIPG: Report of 2 Cases

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Diffuse intrinsic pontine glioma (DIPG) remains a devastating disease. Panobinostat has been shown to have therapeutic efficacy both in vitro and in DIPG orthotopic xenograft models; however, clinical data in patients with DIPG are lacking. We present 2 cases of DIPG, who were treated with panobinostat at 22 to 25 mg/m2/dose, 3 times weekly for 2 weeks in 3-week cycles and concomitant reirradiation after disease progression. Two episodes of asymptomatic thrombocytopenia were observed in 1 patient. Hyperacetylation of histone H4 of peripheral blood mononuclear cells was evident following treatment. In our experience, panobinostat administered with reirradiation was well tolerated at a relatively higher dose than that used in adult studies.

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