Flavonoids are present in varying concentrations in plant foods and have been reported to have numerous pharmacological activities, such as anti-cancer, antioxidant, anti-inflammatory, hepatoprotective, and vasodilator effects. We found that quercetin, fisetin, and some related flavonoid derivatives could inhibit human ether-à-go-go-related gene (hERG) K+ channels.Key findings:
In this study, we tested the effects of a series of flavonoids on the hERG K+ channel expressed in HEK293 cells. For the first time, we demonstrate that quercetin and fisetin (Fise) are potent hERG current blockers. The 50% inhibiting concentration (IC50) and maximum efficacy (Emax) of quercetin were 11.8 ± 0.9 μM and 82 ± 2%, while those of fisetin were 38.4 ± 6 μM and 100 ± 6%, respectively. Luteolin (Lute) was a less potent inhibitor of hERG current (48 ± 1% at 100 μM). Galangin, kaempferol, and isorhamnetin (100 μM) showed weaker activity on the hERG currents.Conclusion:
These results suggest that quercetin, fisetin, and luteolin are potent hERG K+ channel inhibitors and reveal the structure-activity relationship of natural flavonoids.