Selective reversal of BCRP-mediated MDR by VEGFR-2 inhibitor ZM323881
The expression of breast cancer resistant protein (BCRP) in lung cancer is correlated with development of multidrug resistance (MDR) and therefore leads to lower response to chemotherapy. ZM323881, a previously developed selective VEGFR-2 inhibitor, was found to have inhibitory effects on BCRP-mediated MDR in this investigation. ZM323881 significantly decreased the cytotoxic doses of mitoxantrone and SN-38 in BCRP-overexpressing NCI-H460/MX20 cells. Mechanistic studies revealed that ZM323881 effected by inhibiting BCRP-mediated drug efflux, leading to intracellular accumulation of BCRP substrates. No significant alteration in the expression levels and localization pattern of BCRP was observed when BCRP-overexpressing cells were exposed to ZM323881. Stimulated bell-shaped ATPase activities were observed. Molecular docking suggested that ZM323881 binds to the modulator site of BCRP and the binding pose is stable validated by 100 ns molecular dynamic simulation. Overall, our results indicated that ZM323881 reversed BCRP-related MDR by inhibiting its efflux function. These findings might be useful in developing combination chemotherapy for MDR cancer treatment.