Prognostic Factors for Persistent Leg-Pain in Patients Hospitalized With Acute Sciatica

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Abstract

Study Design.

Prospective cohort study.

Objective.

To identify potential prognostic factors for persistent leg-pain at 12 months among patients hospitalized with acute severe sciatica.

Summary of Background Data.

The long-term outcome for patients admitted to hospital with sciatica is generally unfavorable. Results concerning prognostic factors for persistent sciatica are limited and conflicting.

Methods.

A total of 210 patients acutely admitted to hospital for either surgical or nonsurgical treatment of sciatica were consecutively recruited and received a thorough clinical and radiographic examination in addition to responding to a comprehensive questionnaire. Follow-up assessments were done at 6 weeks, 6 months, and 12 months. Potential prognostic factors were measured at baseline and at 6 weeks. The impact of these factors on leg-pain was analyzed by multiple linear regression modeling.

Results.

A total of 151 patients completed the entire study, 93 receiving nonrandomized surgical treatment. The final multivariate models showed that the following factors were significantly associated with leg-pain at 12 months: high psychosocial risk according to the Örebro Musculosceletal Pain Questionnaire (unstandardized beta coefficient 1.55, 95% confidence interval [CI] 0.72–2.38, P < 0.001), not receiving surgical treatment (1.11, 95% CI 0.29–1.93, P = 0.01), not actively employed upon admission (1.47, 95% CI 0.63–2.31, P < 0.01), and self-reported leg-pain recorded 6 weeks posthospital admission (0.49, 95% CI 0.34–0.63, P < 0.001). Interaction analysis showed that the Örebro Musculosceletal Pain Questionnaire had significant prognostic value only on the nonsurgically treated patients (3.26, 95% CI 1.89–4.63, P < 0.001).

Conclusion.

The results suggest that a psychosocial screening tool and the implementation of a 6-week postadmission follow-up has prognostic value in the hospital management of severe sciatica.

Conclusion.

Level of Evidence: 2

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