Management of Interprosthetic Femur Fractures

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Abstract

Femoral fractures between a total hip arthroplasty prosthesis and total knee arthroplasty prosthesis, also called interprosthetic fractures, are challenging clinical problems. The number of patients who have undergone ipsilateral primary or revision joint arthroplasty procedures in both the hip and the knee continues to rise, and the number of interprosthetic fractures is increasing, as well. The growing body of biomechanical and clinical literature on interprosthetic fractures reflects the increased frequency of and interest in these injuries. Similar to the management of periprosthetic fractures, the management of interprosthetic fractures depends on the location of the fracture, the stability of the implant, and the ability to achieve stable fracture fixation. These factors are the basis of recently described classification systems and treatment strategies. In patients with stable implants, fracture fixation alone is performed. When the implant is loose, both revision arthroplasty and fracture fixation may be required to provide stability of the limb.

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