Methylprednisolone aceponate for atopic dermatitis.

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Abstract

BACKGROUND

The 4th generation topical corticosteroids (TCS) have demonstrated a most favorablerisk-benefit ratio. Methylprednisolone aceponate (MPA) is a non-halogenated corticosteroid with a methyl group at C6, which confers higher intrinsic activity. MPA is included in the group of potent TCS (category III/IV).

METHODS

A literature review is carried out of the clinical efficacy, pharmacokinetics, and adverse effects of MPA, especially for the treatment of atopic dermatitis (AD).

RESULTS

Several clinical studies support the use of MPA in infants and children, with minimal local or systemic adverse effects reported. The pharmacokinetic profile and the low rate of adverse effects of MPA are most suitable for the treatment of atopic dermatitis (AD), a chronic disease with frequent flaring that can involve extensive areas of the skin.

CONCLUSIONS

Most patients with AD can be easily brought into control with the use of only TCS. Achieving a complete healing of eczema is key in AD, and once the skin is clinically healthy, emollients can be used according to the physician and patient preferences. Physicians should be trained in the recognition of early or subtle manifestations of active eczema that are most suitably treated with topical TCS to achieve a most rapid and satisfactory control of the disease. If the whole area with eczema is not treated, active eczema will remain and treatment will be ineffective. Insufficient use of TCS will lead to inefficiency and frustration.

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