Trends in heart failure hospitalizations, patient characteristics, in-hospital and 1-year mortality: A population study, from 2000 to 2012 in Lombardy.

    loading  Checking for direct PDF access through Ovid

Abstract

BACKGROUND

This study was undertaken to evaluate trends in heat failure hospitalizations (HFHs) and 1-year mortality of HFH in Lombardy, the largest Italian region, from 2000 to 2012.

METHODS

Hospital discharge forms with HF-related ICD-9 CM codes collected from 2000 to 2012 by the regional healthcare service (n=699797 in 370538 adult patients), were analyzed with respect to in-hospital and 1-year mortality; Group (G) 1 included most acute HF episodes with primary cardiac diagnosis (70%); G2 included cardiomyopathies without acute HF codes (17%); and G3 included non-cardiac conditions with HF as secondary diagnosis (13%). Patients experiencing their first HFH since 2005 were analyzed as incident cases (n=216782).

RESULTS

Annual HFHs number (mean 53830) and in-hospital mortality (9.4%) did not change over the years, the latter being associated with increasing age (p<0.0001) and diagnosis Group (G1 9.1%, G2 5.6%, G3 15.9%, p<0.0001). Incidence of new cases decreased over the years (3.62 [CI 3.58-3.67] in 2005 to 3.13 [CI 3.09-3.17] in 2012, per 1000 adult inhabitants/year, p<0.0001), with an increasing proportion of patients aged ≥85y (22.3% to 31.4%, p<0.0001). Mortality lowered over time in <75y incident cases, both in-hospital (5.15% to 4.36%, p<0.0001) and at 1-year (14.8% to 12.9%, p=0.0006).

CONCLUSIONS

The overall burden and mortality of HFH appear stable for more than a decade. However, from 2005 to 2012, there was a reduction of new, incident cases, with increasing age at first hospitalization. Meanwhile, both in-hospital and 1-year mortality decreased in patients aged <75y, possibly due to improved prevention and treatment.

Related Topics

    loading  Loading Related Articles