Supplementation with 2000 IU of Cholecalciferol Is Associated with Improvement of Trabecular Bone Mineral Density and Muscle Power in Pediatric Patients with IBD
Inflammatory bowel diseases (IBD) are associated with altered bone health and increased risk for fractures. Vitamin D deficiency is frequently found in IBD; however, the effect of vitamin D supplementation on bone health of children with IBD is poorly understood. We aimed to observe the changes in volumetric bone density and dynamic muscle functions after vitamin D substitution in a cohort of pediatric patients with IBD.Methods:
This was a prospective observational study of 55 patients (aged 5–19 years) with IBD. Bone quality was assessed using peripheral quantitative computed tomography and muscle functions by jumping mechanography at baseline and after a median of 13.8 (interquartile range, 12.0–16.0) months of daily substitution of 2000 IU of cholecalciferol.Results:
Median serum levels of 25-hydroxyvitamin D increased from 58 nmol/L at the baseline visit to 85 nmol/L at the last follow-up visit (P < 0.001); no signs of overdose were reported. The Z-scores of trabecular bone mineral density, cortical bone cross-sectional area, and maximal muscle power improved significantly during the follow-up period (+0.5, P = 0.001, +0.3, P = 0.002 and +0.5, P = 0.002, respectively). Cholecalciferol substitution was positively associated with trabecular bone mineral density and maximal muscle power (estimates 0.26, 95% confidence interval 0.14–0.37, P < 0.0001 and 0.60, 95% confidence interval 0.32–0.85, P < 0.0001, respectively) but not with the Strength–Strain Index or maximal muscle force (Fmax).Conclusions:
We observed an improvement in bone and muscle parameters after cholecalciferol substitution in pediatric patients with IBD. Therefore, vitamin D substitution can be considered in such patients.