Implementation of an interprofessional clinical pharmacology selective learning experience for pharmacy residents and medical students

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Abstract

Purpose

The implementation of an interprofessional clinical pharmacology selective (CPS) learning experience for pharmacy residents and medical students is described.

Summary

The opportunity for pharmacy residents to provide didactic lectures at a college of pharmacy and to develop teaching and preceptor skills with experiential pharmacy students may be limited by institution-specific affiliations and geographic location. In order to overcome these barriers, the Mayo Clinic Hospital postgraduate year 1 (PGY1) pharmacy residency program implemented an interprofessional learning experience in which pharmacy residents serve the role of preceptors for first- and second-year medical students on a CPS. Medical students at the Mayo Medical School (MMS) work alongside the PGY1 resident to develop patient-specific, medication problem lists and gain an appreciation for pharmacy-focused interventions. Medical students teach pharmacy residents diagnostic, pathophysiologic, and patient-assessment considerations related to the medical school's curriculum. The clinical rounds component of the CPS allows for resident achievement of ASHP competency area R4, which focuses on the design of an effective educational activity; selection of a preceptor role; employment of instruction, modeling, coaching, and facilitation; use of effective presentation skills; generation of objective-based learner assessment questions; and identification of areas for continuous improvement.

Conclusion

The Mayo Clinic Hospital PGY1 pharmacy residency program and MMS successfully implemented an innovative learning experience to promote interprofessional education between pharmacy residents and medical students. The program establishes collaborative relationships early in students' professional careers and allows for attainment of the ASHP-required competency area R4 through delivery of a CPS to medical students.

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