Key Vertebral Pedicle Screw Strategy for the Correction of Flexible Lenke Type 1 Adolescent Idiopathic Scoliosis: A Preliminary Study of a 5-year Minimum Radiographic Follow-up

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Abstract

Study Design.

A retrospective clinical and radiographic study.

Objective.

The aim of this study was to evaluate outcomes of the key vertebral pedicle screw strategy (KVPSS) for the correction of flexible Lenke type 1 adolescent idiopathic scoliosis (AIS) with a minimum follow-up of 5 years.

Summary of Background Data.

The KVPSS has been described as an alternative screw placement strategy for surgically treating the main thoracic curve in AIS patients. However, there have been no long-term, three-dimensional correction studies of selective thoracic fusion using the KVPSS in Lenke type 1AIS.

Method.

Twenty consecutive patients with Lenke type 1 main thoracic AIS underwent one-stage posterior correction and fusion using the KVPSS. Preoperative and postoperative radiographic and clinical parameters were analyzed.

Results.

The mean preoperative major thoracic curve was 47.4° ± 5.8°, and mean corrections of 67.0%, 63.4%, and 61.5% were observed at the immediate, 2-year postoperative, and final follow-ups, respectively. Thoracickyphosis decreased significantly from the preoperative period to the immediate postoperative period (P = 0.042) but did not change significantly from the 2-year postoperative follow-up to the final follow-up (P = 0.067). Apical vertebral rotation achieved 34.7% correction and exhibited correction loss of 8.2% at the final follow-up. The average intraoperative blood loss was 802.3 mL, and the mean operative time was 138.6 minutes. SRS-22 scores for self-image and satisfaction improved significantly from the preoperative period to the final follow-up. No neurologic or implant-associated complications were observed in this study.

Conclusion.

The KVPSS is an effective method for correcting Lenke type 1 AIS and achieves satisfactory correction of the deformity. Relative to other approaches, the KVPSS can not only achieve a satisfactory and cost-effective clinical outcome but also reduce both operative time and intraoperative blood loss.

Conclusion.

Level of Evidence: 4

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