Patient-Reported Impact of Pelvic Organ Prolapse on Continence and Sexual Function in Women With Exstrophy-Epispadias Complex

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Abstract

Objective

This study aimed to characterize long-term urogynecologic issues of women with a history of bladder exstrophy and pelvic organ prolapse (POP) and to assess the impact of POP repair on continence and sexual function.

Design

Patient demographics and surgical history related to exstrophy and POP were collected through chart review. Patient perceptions regarding sexual function, urinary continence, and quality of life were assessed through Web-based administration of validated questionnaires: International Consultation on Incontinence Questionnaire-Urinary Incontinence Short Form and POP-Urinary Incontinence Sexual Questionnaire.

Setting

Maryland, United States.

Participants

Review of a single-institution exstrophy-epispadias complex database resulted in 25 adult female patients with a history of POP treated at the authors' institution. Eleven patients participated and were included in the analysis.

Main Outcome Measures

Urinary continence and sexual function.

Results

All participants underwent surgical repair for prolapse, with 7 (63.6%) experiencing unsuccessful initial repair and subsequent recurrence. Median total number of POP repairs was 2.5 (1–4). After correction of POP, patients reported a median improvement in International Consultation on Incontinence Questionnaire-Urinary Incontinence Short Form scores of 11 (21 to −1) of 21 and in POP-Urinary Incontinence Sexual Questionnaire scores of 9.5 (6.5–33.0) of 48.0. With regard to urinary continence, 6 (54.5%) patients presently reported no incontinence, 3 (27.3%) reported mild incontinence, and 2 (18.2%) reported continuous incontinence.

Conclusions

Pelvic organ prolapse poses significant reductions in quality of life for women born with exstrophy, with effects on urinary continence and sexual function. Identification and correction of prolapse seems to result in notable improvements in the lives of these patients.

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