Association Between Nursing Visits and Hospital-Related Disenrollment in the Home Hospice Population

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Abstract

Background:

Over 10% of hospice patients experience a transition out of hospice care during the last months of life. Hospice transitions from home to hospital (ie, hospital-related hospice disenrollment) result in fragmented care, which can be burdensome for patients and caregivers. Nurses play a major role in delivering home hospice care, yet little is known about the association between nursing visits and disenrollment.

Objectives:

The study’s purpose is to examine the association between the average number of nursing visits per week and hospital-related disenrollment in the home hospice population. We hypothesize that more nursing visits per week will be associated with reduced odds for disenrollment.

Design:

A retrospective cohort study using Medicare data.

Participants:

Medicare hospice beneficiaries who were ≥18 years old in 2012.

Outcome measured:

Hospitalization within 2 days of hospice disenrollment.

Results:

The sample included 115 103 home hospice patients, 6450 (5.6%) of whom experienced a hospital-related disenrollment. The median number of nursing visits per week was 2 (interquartile range 1.3-3.2), with a mean of 2.5 (standard deviation ±1.6). There was a decreased likelihood of a hospital-related disenrollment when comparing enrollments that had <3 nursing visits per week on average to 3 to <4 visits (odds ratio [OR] 0.39; P value <.001), 4 to <5 visits (OR 0.29; P value <.001), and 5+ visits (OR 0.21; P value <.001).

Conclusions:

More nursing visits per week was associated with a decreased likelihood of a hospital-related hospice disenrollment. Further research is needed to understand what components of nursing care influence care transitions in the home hospice setting.

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