Complementary methods of anatomic diagnosis, including cone-beam computed tomographic (CBCT) imaging, may be useful in the diagnosis of mesiobuccal (MB) canals of maxillary molars.Methods:
Thirty-five maxillary first molars were subjected to ex vivo analysis and 4 CBCT protocols: i-CAT Classic (Imaging Sciences International, Hatfield, PA) (ICC group), i-CAT Next Generation (Imaging Sciences International) (ICN group), PreXion 3D (PreXion, San Mateo, CA) (16.8-second acquisition time; PX1 group), and PreXion 3D (33.5-second acquisition time; PX2 group). The images were evaluated by 2 calibrated endodontists who kept records following protocols previously published in the literature. Micro–computed tomographic imaging was used as the control.Results:
The correct identification of anatomic variations of MB roots was 54.3% (n = 19) in the ICC group, 65.7% (n = 23) in the ICN group, and 80.0% (n = 28) in the PX1 and PX2 groups. The probability of agreement between the ICC and the control groups was significantly different from the probability of agreement with the PX1 (P < .05) and PX2 (P < .05) groups. The other groups showed no significant differences compared with the control group. There was no difference in the probability of agreement between the tomographic protocols and the ex vivo results.Conclusions:
The PX1 and PX2 groups were more effective for the diagnosis of MB canals. PX1 is the most suitable because it results in a shorter radiation time and diagnostic imaging similar to PX2. The single-canal anatomy was the most prevalent in the study.