Validating a fully automated real-time PCR-based system for use in the molecular diagnostic analysis of colorectal carcinoma: a comparison with NGS and IHC
Molecular testing is increasingly needed in colorectal carcinoma (CRC) and the current clinically relevant mutations are in BRAF, KRAS and NRAS. This study aimed to further validate a new alternative polymerase chain reaction (PCR) platform (Idylla, Biocartis) against existing next-generation sequencing (NGS) and immunohistochemistry (IHC) assays.Methods
56 Idylla tests were performed on 43 CRC cases, in a total of 74 comparisons against an NGS panel (Ion Torrent) and the VE1 (anti-BRAF) antibody IHC. Discrepant cases were also compared with either conventional (Cobas) or droplet digital PCR (Bio-Rad).Results
Idylla showed an overall concordance of 100% (95% CI 93% to 100%) with comparator molecular testing and indications were that Idylla is likely to be more sensitive than routine NGS. BRAF IHC showed 90% concordance with NGS (95% CI 70% to 97%).Conclusions
This study validates Idylla in formalin-fixed, paraffin-embedded CRC tissue. BRAF IHC, however, is an unreliable substitute for molecular testing in CRC.