Current Status and Future Potential of Transcatheter Interventions in Congenital Heart Disease

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Percutaneous therapies for congenital heart disease have evolved rapidly in the past 3 decades. This has occurred despite limited investment from industry and support from regulatory bodies resulting in a lack of specific device development. Indeed, many devices remain off-label with a best-fit approach often required, spurning an innovative culture within the subspecialty, which had arguably laid the foundation for many of the current and evolving structural heart interventions. Challenges remain, not least encouraging device design focused on smaller infants and the inevitable consequences of somatic growth. Data collection tools are emerging but remain behind adult cardiology and cardiac surgery and leading to partial blindness as to the longer-term consequences of our interventions. Tail coating on the back of developments in other fields of adult intervention will soon fail to meet the expanding needs for more precise interventions and biological materials. Increasing collaboration with surgical colleagues will require development of dedicated equipment for hybrid interventions aimed at minimizing the longer-term consequences of scar to the heart. Therefore, great challenges remain to ensure that children and adults with congenital heart disease continue to benefit from an exponential growth in minimally invasive interventions and technology. This can only be achieved through a concerted collaborative approach from physicians, industry, academia, and regulatory bodies supporting great innovators to continue the philosophy of thinking beyond the limits that has been the foundation of our specialty for the past 50 years.

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