Diastolic Function and Transcatheter Aortic Valve Replacement

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Abstract

Background:

Little is known about baseline diastolic dysfunction and changes in diastolic dysfunction grade after transcatheter aortic valve replacement (TAVR) for aortic stenosis (AS) and its impact on overall outcomes. The aim of this study was to describe baseline diastolic dysfunction and changes in diastolic dysfunction grade that occur with TAVR and their relationship to mortality and rehospitalization.

Methods:

This was a single-center study evaluating all TAVRs from January 2012 to June 2014. We compared parameters of diastolic dysfunction grade on pre-TAVR and 1 month post-TAVR echocardiograms for all patients undergoing the procedure. Descriptive statistics, Kaplan-Meier time-to-event analysis, and multivariate logistic regression were used.

Results:

Of a sample size of 120 patients undergoing TAVR for symptomatic severe AS, 90 were included in the final analysis after excluding significant mitral valve disease. There were improvements in individual parameters of diastolic dysfunction grade such as lateral e′ velocity, E/lateral e′, and left atrial volume index (nonsignificant trend) in the setting of improvement in aortic valve area and gradients and functional class pre- and post-TAVR. Multivariate analysis revealed that baseline diastolic dysfunction grade, but not post-TAVR or changes in diastolic dysfunction grade, was associated with 1-year death (hazard ratio, 1.163; 95% CI, 1.049–1.277, P = .005) and combined death/cardiovascular hospitalization (hazard ratio, 1.174; 95% CI, 1.032–1.318; P = .018).

Conclusions:

In this single-center retrospective study of patients with symptomatic severe AS who underwent TAVR, several diastolic function parameters improved on echocardiography, but baseline diastolic dysfunction grade remained the most important echocardiographic factor associated with adverse 1-year outcomes.

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