Cap-assisted colonoscopy (CAC) has been reported to increase the adenoma detection rate (ADR) in Asian population. However, CAC trials in non-Asian population have had conflicting results. Studies in North America have shown an improvement in ADRs with the use of CAC, but it mainly included white and African American patients. Given the lack of prospective studies of CAC in Hispanics, we conducted this randomized controlled trial.Materials and Methods:
This is a randomized controlled trial comparing CAC with standard colonoscopy (SC) in patients undergoing screening or surveillance colonoscopy. Our primary outcome was the ADR. Secondary outcomes were polyp detection rate, mean polyp and ADR, advanced ADR (AADR) and detection rates based on polyp morphology and location.Results:
A total of 440 patients were included in the study (88.5% Hispanic). Cecal and terminal ileum intubation rates were similar in both groups (CAC: 97% and 86% versus SC: 99% and 81%, respectively). CAC did not improve ADR in comparison with SC (0.65 versus 0.52; P = 0.079); however, CAC had a higher AADR in comparison with SC (9.9% versus 4.6%; P = 0.049). CAC detected significantly more pedunculated polyps as compared with flat and sessile polyps (P = 0.011). Complication rates were similar in the CAC and SC groups (0.9% versus 0%).Conclusions:
In a predominantly Hispanic population, no difference was seen in the mean ADR with the use of CAC. However, CAC, when compared with SC, resulted in an increased AADR and mean polyp detection rate.