Validation of Therapeutic Anatomy–Oriented Classification in Endosseous Dental Implant Treatment: A Pilot Study

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Abstract

Background:

The purpose of the study was to validate a newly proposed therapeutic anatomically based clinical and radiological classification for dental implant treatment.

Methods:

Eighty-one patients with at least 1 edentulous jaw segment (EJS) from 2 dental clinics were included in this study. Both clinical and radiological parameters were assessed in aesthetic and nonaesthetic zones. The data were then compared at preoperative, intraoperative, and postoperative (subdivided into early and late stage) study stages.

Results:

Based on the hard and soft tissue support, EJSs were divided into 3 types. The outcomes were then validated at preoperative, intraoperative, and early postoperative stages. Data were then analyzed using paired sample t test and the Wilcoxon signed ranks test. No statistically significant difference (P > 0.05) was identified between any the measurements.

Conclusions:

The proposed therapeutic anatomically based clinical and radiological classification for the dental implant treatment seems to be reproducible, objective, and helpful in planning dental implant treatment. Future studies with a larger sample size are needed to further validate the outcome obtained in this pilot study.

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