This study evaluated the physicochemical, antimicrobial, and biological properties of white mineral trioxide aggregate (MTA) mixed with aqueous and propylene glycol extracts of Arctium lappa L. and Casearia sylvestris Sw.Methods:
The setting-time test was performed according to American Society for Testing and Materials 266/2008 and flowability by American National Standards Institute/American Dental Association 57/2012 standard specifications. The following parameters were assessed: volumetric change by micro–computed tomography; pH level and calcium ion release measured after 3 hours and 1, 3, 7, and 15 days; antimicrobial effect by the dentin decontamination method with intratubular Enterococcus faecalis viability, verified by using confocal laser scanning microscopy; and biocompatibility by histologic-morphometric analyses of inflammatory infiltrate at subcutaneous implant sites after 15, 30, and 60 days. In addition, rat alveolar tissues with implants were processed to measure tumor necrosis factor-alpha and interleukin-10 cytokines by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay.Results:
The plant extracts associated with MTA significantly increased the final setting time; however, they did not influence volumetric change (P > .05) and maintained medium alkalinity and calcium ion release. Propylene glycol extracts showed higher flowability. Casearia sylvestris increased the cementing effect against E. faecalis after 24-hour and 168-hour periods. Histologic evaluation of inflammatory infiltrate showed no significant differences between plant extracts groups and the distilled water group for all periods. Tumor necrosis factor-alpha and interleukin-10 expression was similar among groups (P > .05).Conclusions:
Casearia sylvestris extracts increased the antimicrobial effect of MTA and did not influence biocompatibility but changed some physicochemical properties.