A training model for revitalization procedures

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To develop an inexpensive simulation model for training of revitalization procedures.


A replica of an immature maxillary central incisor was equipped with a mock blood reservoir at the root apex and embedded in a plaster model. Mock blood consisted of water supplemented with red pigments and fibrinogen, whilst thrombin was inserted into the root canal to allow for clot formation.


A true-to-life training model for revitalization procedures was established, where the induction of bleeding and formation of a blood clot can be mimicked. The model can be fastened to a patient mannequin and thus closely simulate the clinical setting.


The newly developed model can be used for training purposes, both for dental students and for practitioners, to perform the treatment steps of a revitalization procedure.

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