The effect of G3 PAMAM dendrimer conjugated with B-group vitamins on cell morphology, motility and ATP level in normal and cancer cells
In a search for the safe vitamin carrier the PAMAM G3 dendrimer covalently substituted with 9 and 10 molecules of vitamin B7 (biotin) and B6 (pyridoxal), respectively (BC-PAMAM) was investigated. Dendrimer substitution with B-group vitamins significantly alters its biological properties as compared to native form. Observed effects on investigated cell parameters including morphology, adhesion, migration and ATP level were different for normal human fibroblasts (BJ) and squamous cell carcinoma (SCC-15) cell lines. BC-PAMAM revealed significantly less pronounced effects on investigated parameters, particularly at higher concentrations (5–50 μM), which is relevant with its lower positive surface charge, as compared with native form. The bioconjugate, up to 50 μM concentration, appeared to be a safe vitamin carrier to normal fibroblasts, without significant effect on their adhesion, shape and migration as well as on intracellular ATP level. In SCC-15 cells BC-PAMAM, at low concentrations (0.1–0.5 μM), altered the cell shape and increase adhesion, whereas at higher concentrations opposite effects were seen. Measurements of cellular level of ATP showed that higher resistance of cancer cells to toxic effects of native PAMAM dendrimers may be due to higher energy supply of cancer cells.