A New Angled Chisel for Microendoscopic Decompressive Laminotomy

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Abstract

Study design:

A retrospective comparative series study.

Objective:

The aim of the study was to describe a new angled chisel (NAC) that facilitates the osteotomy in microendoscopic decompressive laminotomy (MEDL), and to analyze the clinical and radiologic outcomes using the tool.

Summary of Background Data:

MEDL for lumbar spinal stenosis is a minimally invasive surgery. The paraspinous unilateral approach for bilateral decompression can preserve the posterior structure better than other methods. However, the resection of the medial facet on the approach side is technically difficult because the working space is limited and the retractor is difficult to place properly. Because of these limitations, either the inferior articular process on the approach side tends to be resected excessively, which can lead to facet fracture and instability, or the superior articular process tends to be resected insufficiently, which can result in residual symptoms. The ideal decompression of the medial facet consists of sufficient resection to the deep portion, especially lateral recess of the spinal canal, and adequate facet preservation. Special curved devices to obtain optimal resection have been developed, but these devices have not effectively improved the osteotomy. We developed an NAC to allow an osteotomy at the desired angle.

Materials and Methods:

Forty patients underwent MEDL with the use of NAC (NAC group) and 40 patients underwent the same procedure without the NAC (control group). The osteotomy angle of the medial facet on the approach side and Visual Analogue Scale score were analyzed.

Results:

The average osteotomy angle of the medial facet was significantly smaller in the NAC group. The radiologic and clinical results were significantly better in the NAC group.

Conclusions:

The NAC was a useful tool that sharpens the osteotomy angle of the medial facet and thereby improved the clinical course.

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