Physeal and Subphyseal Distraction Osteogenesis in Atrophic-type Congenital Pseudarthrosis of the Tibia: Efficacy and Safety

    loading  Checking for direct PDF access through Ovid



To examine the efficacy, safety, and clinical outcomes of distraction osteogenesis through the physis (PDO) or through subphyseal osteotomy (SPDO) in patients with atrophic-type congenital pseudarthrosis of tibia with proximal tibial dysplasia.


To validate the efficacy and safety of PDO and SPDO, radiographic and clinical parameters were compared between 5 patients who underwent proximal tibial metaphyseal or metadiaphyseal lengthening as a control (group 1) and 7 patients who underwent PDO or SPDO (group 2). Postoperative complication was also compared between the groups.


A significant difference in terms of healing index (group 1, 83.3±24.7 d/cm; group 2, 35.0±11.1 d/cm; P=0.001) and percentage increase (11.0%±3.7% vs. 23.1%±10.5%, P=0.034) was observed between the 2 groups. According to the Paley classification, group 1 included 1 “problems” case and 3 “obstacles” cases, whereas group 2 included 2 “problems” cases and 1 “obstacles” case. According to the Lascombes classification, group 1 included 2 grade IIIb cases and 3 grade IV cases, whereas group 2 included 6 grade I cases and 1 grade IIa case. Severe complications were significantly higher in group 1 compared with the group 2 (P=0.007).


This study demonstrated that PDO or SPDO can be effectively and safely performed for tibial lengthening in atrophic-type congenital pseudarthrosis of tibia patients with proximal tibial dysplasia.

Level of Evidence:

Level III.

Related Topics

    loading  Loading Related Articles