Arteriovenous Lesions of the Internal Auditory Canal

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Abstract

Objective:

To describe a unique case of an asymptomatic arteriovenous lesion of the internal auditory canal (IAC) and present the associated imaging findings.

Methods:

Retrospective case report and review of the literature.

Results:

A 55-year-old man presented for further evaluation of a left-sided sudden sensorineural hearing loss that occurred 8 years earlier. Careful review of outside serial magnetic resonance (MR) imaging revealed a contralateral, ill-defined right-sided IAC mass with low T2 signal and subtle peripheral enhancement on postcontrast T1-weighted sequencing. The patient had no history of right-sided otologic symptoms.

Results:

Subsequent dedicated IAC MR imaging confirmed the presence of a space-occupying lesion adjacent to a complexity of vasculature. The presence of prominent flow voids, paucity of avid enhancement on previous studies, and marked signal within the lesion on time-of-flight MR angiography and MR venography was consistent with the diagnosis of a solitary arteriovenous lesion of the IAC. There was no radiological evidence of recent or remote parenchymal or subarachnoid hemorrhage or stroke.

Conclusion:

We report a novel case of an occult asymptomatic IAC arteriovenous lesion. Vascular anomalies confined to the IAC are rare. To date, there have been only four reports in the literature of IAC arteriovenous lesions and our case is the first to present asymptomatically. A high index of suspicion and dedicated imaging is required to identify and accurately diagnose these lesions to guide appropriate counseling and potential intervention.

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