Six-Month Follow-up of a Regional Evidence-based Practice Fellowship Program

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Abstract

OBJECTIVE

This study examined a 6-month follow-up of a regional evidence-based practice (EBP) fellowship program and the predictors of EBP adoption at hospital units.

BACKGROUND

The immediate beneficial effects of a regional EBP program are known, but the medium-term effects are not certain.

METHODS

A matched pretest/posttest study was conducted using a mailed questionnaire 6 months after the completion of a 9-month regional EBP fellowship program among 3 annual cohorts of participants.

RESULTS

Statistically significant improvements in the mean scores of EBP beliefs, EBP implementation, and group cohesion were found (P < .05). Of the 47 participants who completed their EBP projects, more than three-quarters reported EBP adoption at their own hospital units, and EBP beliefs were a positive predictor of EBP adoption (odds ratio, 1.12; 95% confidence interval, 1.02-1.22; P = .017).

CONCLUSIONS

The outcome improvements continued 6 months after the fellowship program, and strong EBP beliefs predicted EBP adoption in the participants’ units.

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