Down-regulation of DAB2IP promotes colorectal cancer invasion and metastasis by translocating hnRNPK into nucleus to enhance the transcription of MMP2

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DOC-2/DAB2 interacting protein (DAB2IP) is a RasGAP protein that shows a suppressive effect on cancer progression. Our previous study showed the involvement of transcription regulation of DAB2IP in metastasis of colorectal cancer (CRC). However, the molecular mechanisms of DAB2IP in regulating the progression of CRC need to be further explored. Here, we identified heterogeneous nuclear ribonucleoprotein K (hnRNPK) and matrix metalloproteinase 2 (MMP2) as vital downstream targets of DAB2IP in CRC cells by two-dimensional fluorescence difference gel electrophoresis and cDNA microassay, respectively. Mechanistically, down-regulation of DAB2IP increased the level of hnRNPK through MAPK/ERK signaling pathway. Subsequently, translocation of hnRNPK into nucleus enhanced the transcription activity of MMP2, and therefore promoted invasion and metastasis of CRC. Down-regulation of DAB2IP correlated negatively with hnRNPK and MMP2 expressions in CRC tissues. In conclusion, our study elucidates a novel mechanism of the DAB2IP/hnRNPK/MMP2 axis in the regulation of CRC invasion and metastasis, which may be a potential therapeutic target.

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