Pneumocystispneumonia versus rituximab-induced interstitial lung disease in lymphoma patients receiving rituximab-containing chemotherapy

    loading  Checking for direct PDF access through Ovid

Abstract

It is difficult to differentiate Pneumocystis pneumonia (PCP) from rituximab-induced interstitial lung disease (RILD) in lymphoma patients with diffuse pulmonary infiltrates who are receiving rituximab-containing chemotherapy. Using a clinical scoring system, we aim to differentiate PCP from RILD who are receiving rituximab-containing chemotherapy. We reviewed the medical records of lymphoma patients who had received rituximab-containing chemotherapy between 2012 and 2015 in a tertiary hospital. Among 613 lymphoma patients receiving rituximab-containing chemotherapy, 97 (16%) had diffuse pulmonary infiltrates. Of these, 16 (16%) with an alternative diagnosis and 22 (23%) with an indeterminate diagnosis were excluded. Finally, 21 (22%) patients were classified as having PCP and the remaining 38 (39%) as having RILD. Fever, short duration of symptoms (≤5 days), systemic inflammatory response syndrome (SIRS), and severe extent of disease on CT scan (>75%) were more common in patients with PCP than in those with RILD. Clinical scores were determined using the following system: SIRS = score 1, symptom duration ≤5 days = score 1, extent of disease on CT >75% = score 4. A score of ≥2 differentiated PCP from RILD with 91% sensitivity (95% CI, 70-99) and 71% specificity (95% CI, 54-84). A clinical scoring system based on presence of SIRS, short duration of symptoms, and severe extent of disease on CT scan appears to be useful in differentiation of PCP from RILD.

Related Topics

    loading  Loading Related Articles