Effects of sodium, 1,25-dihydroxyvitamin D3 and parathyroid hormone fragment on inorganic P absorption and Type IIb sodium-phosphate cotransporter expression in ligated duodenal loops of broilers
Three experiments were conducted with 22-day-old Arbor Acres male broilers to study the effects of Na+, 1,25-dihydroxyvitamin D3 [1,25-(OH)2D3] and parathyroid hormone fragment [PTH (1–34)] on inorganic P absorption and Type IIb sodium-phosphate cotransporter (NaP-IIb) mRNA and protein expression levels in ligated duodenal loops. The duodenal loops were perfused with solutions (pH = 6) containing zero, 50, or 150 mmol/L of Na+ as NaCl in Exp. 1, containing zero, 30, or 300 pmol/L of 1,25-(OH)2D3 in Exp. 2, or containing zero, 65, or 650 pmol/L of PTH (1–34) in Exp. 3, respectively. Compared with the control, additions of 50 and 150 mmol/L of Na+, 30 and 300 pmol/L of 1,25-(OH)2D3, or 65 and 650 pmol/L of PTH (1–34) to the perfusates promoted (P < 0.02) the P absorption percentages and rates, respectively. Additions of the above-mentioned concentrations of Na+ or 1,25-(OH)2D3 to the perfusates increased (P < 0.003) NaP-IIb mRNA level in the duodenum of broilers, and a similar trend (P = 0.08) was observed for PTH (1–34). The Na+, 1,25-(OH)2D3, and PTH (1–34) had no effects (P > 0.15) on NaP-IIb protein level in the duodenum of broilers. The results indicate that increased P absorption due to perfusions of Na+, 1,25-(OH)2D3 or PTH (1–34) might be attributed to enhanced NaP-IIb expression in the duodenum of broilers.