Dyspareunia in a Survivor of Childhood Sexual Abuse

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Abstract

Dyspareunia is a frequent chief concern encountered by midwives and other women's health care providers. There are many possible etiologies for dyspareunia, including a history of childhood sexual abuse, and approaching assessment in a holistic manner is necessary to identify the etiology. This case report presents evidence on the importance of screening a woman who presents with dyspareunia in a therapeutic manner to facilitate disclosure of sexual abuse. Best practices for screening for sexual violence, along with recommendations for providing gynecologic care to survivors, are offered. By understanding the long-term sequelae of sexual abuse and through screening all women, midwives and other women's health care providers can facilitate healing and treatment for survivors.

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