Duration of Twice-Daily Thoracic Radiotherapy and Time From the Start of Any Treatment to the End of Chest Irradiation as Significant Predictors of Outcomes in Limited-Disease Small-Cell Lung Cancer

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Abstract

Background

The hypothesis of this retrospective study was that the duration of twice-daily (BID) thoracic radiotherapy (TRT) and time from the start of any treatment to the end of chest irradiation (SER) would predict outcomes in limited-disease small-cell lung cancer.

Materials and Methods

All 81 patients received 45 Gy in 30 fractions BID with a ≥ 6-hour interval and concurrent chemotherapy of platinum and etoposide.

Results

The median radiotherapy duration was 25 days (range, 21-38 days). The 5-year overall survival rates were 26.2% (95% confidence interval [CI], 14.3%-38.0%), and the median survival time was 30 months (95% CI, 15.5-44.5 months). Using multivariate regression analysis, the significant predictors of survival were the sum of the diameters of the primary tumor and metastatic lymph nodes, male gender, age ≥ 60 years, and the duration of BID-TRT (hazard ratio [HR], 1.15; 95% CI, 1.06-1.25; HR, 2.38; 95% CI, 1.13-5.02; HR, 2.38; 95% CI, 1.10-5.17; and HR, 1.08; 95% CI, 1.01-1.15, respectively). A total of 70 of 81 patients (86%) received radiotherapy during the first chemotherapy cycle. The median SER was 29 days (range, 21-109 days). The 5-year local control rate was 48.7% (95% CI, 33.9%-63.6%). The significant predictors of local control were the sum of the diameters of the primary tumor and metastatic lymph nodes, age ≥ 60 years, and SER (HR, 1.18; 95% CI, 1.06-1.31; HR, 4.18; 95% CI, 1.23-14.24; and HR, 1.02; 95% CI, 1-1.04, respectively).

Conclusions

The duration of BID-TRT and SER were identified as one of the significant predictors of survival and local control in limited-disease small-cell lung cancer treated with concurrent chemoradiotherapy at 45 Gy in 30 fractions, respectively.

Micro-Abstract

The influence of radiotherapy duration on the outcomes of limited-disease small-cell lung cancer has been controversial. In this study, all 81 patients completed 45 Gy in 30 fractions and concurrent chemotherapy of platinum and etoposide. The median radiotherapy duration was 25 days. The median survival time was 30 months, and the radiotherapy duration was identified as one of the significant survival predictors (hazard ratio, 1.08; 95% confidence interval, 1.01-1.15). The main reason for prolonging the radiotherapy duration was febrile neutropenia, not esophagitis.

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