Biomechanical testing of a PEEK-based dynamic instrumentation device in a lumbar spine model
The purpose of this study was to investigate the range-of-motion after posterior polyetheretherketone-based rod stabilisation combined with a dynamic silicone hinge in order to compare it with titanium rigid stabilisation.Methods
Five human cadaveric lumbar spines with four vertebra each (L2 to L5) were tested in a temperature adjustable spine-testing set-up in four trials: (1) native measurement; (2) kinematics after rigid monosegmental titanium rod instrumentation with anterior intervertebral bracing of the segment L4/5; (3) kinematics after hybrid posterior polyetheretherketone rod instrumentation combined with a silicone hinge within the adjacent level (L3/4) and (4) kinematics after additional decompression with laminectomy of L4 and bilateral resection of the inferior articular processes (L3). During all steps, the specimens were loaded quasi-statically with 1°/s with pure moment up to 7.5 Nm in flexion/extension, lateral bending and axial rotation.Findings
In comparison to the native cadaveric spine, both the titanium device and polyetheretherketone-based device reduce the range-of-motion within the level L4/5 significantly (flexion/extension: reduction of 77%, p < 0.001; lateral bending: reduction of 62%, p < 0.001; axial rotation: reduction of 71%, p < 0.001). There was a clear stabilisation effect after hybrid-instrumentation within the level L3/4, especially in flexion/extension (64%, p < 0.001) and lateral bending (62%, p < 0.001) but without any effect on the axial rotation. Any temperature dependency has not been observed.Interpretation
Surprisingly, the hybrid device compensates for laminectomy L4 and destabilising procedure within the level L3/4 in comparison to other implants. Further studies must be performed to show its effectiveness regarding the adjacent segment instability.