Role of Nutrition Support in Inflammatory Conditions

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Abstract

This review intends to summarize recent development on the potential nutrition implications of acute inflammation encountered during critical illness. Different aspects of the inflammatory response and their impact on nutrition management during critical illness will be discussed: the timing of the postinjury metabolic response, the integration of regulatory mechanisms involved in the metabolic response to stress, the oxidative stress, the metabolic and clinical consequences in terms of energy expenditure, use of energy, changes in body composition, and behavior.

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