Glaucoma Diagnostic Capability of Circumpapillary Retinal Nerve Fiber Layer Thickness in Circle Scans With Different Diameters

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Abstract

Purpose:

To compare varying circumpapillary optical coherence tomographic (OCT) scan diameters for glaucoma diagnosis.

Materials and Methods:

Prospective, cross-sectional, observational study. Circumpapillary retinal nerve fiber layer thickness (RNFLT) was measured using spectral-domain OCT in 1 randomly selected eye. Scans with diameters of 3.5, 4.1, and 4.7 mm were obtained, each with 7 parameters: mean global (G) RNFLT and mean RNFLT for the temporal-inferior (TI), nasal-inferior (NI), temporal-superior (TS), nasal-superior (NS), nasal (N), and temporal (T) sectors. Areas under the receiver operating characteristic curve (AUCs) were calculated.

Results:

Mean age was 55±18 years in 68 healthy eyes and 59±15 years in 95 glaucomatous eyes (P=0.12). Visual field mean deviation was −7.55±6.61 dB in glaucomatous eyes. In all 3 circle scans, mean TI RNFLT had the greatest AUC (0.974 to 0.983), followed by mean G RNFLT (0.949 to 0.956). The AUC of mean TI RNFLT in the 4.1-mm scan (0.983) was greater than the AUCs of mean TI RNFLTs in the 4.7- (0.978; P=0.128) and 3.5-mm (0.974; P=0.049) scans. The AUC of mean TI RNFLT in the 4.1-mm scan (0.983) was greater than the AUCs of mean G RNFLTs in the 3.5- (0.954; P=0.011), 4.1- (0.956; P=0.016), and 4.7-mm (0.949; P=0.011) scans. In 2 eyes with large parapapillary atrophy, RNFL segmentation error was noted only in the 3.5-mm scan in the area of parapapillary atrophy.

Conclusions:

Further investigations to find the spectral-domain OCT circle scan diameter with the best diagnostic capability and the least artifacts are warranted, especially focusing on larger-than-conventional circle scans.

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