Surgical Correction of Articular Damage in the Knee: Osteoarticular Transplantation to Joint Reconstruction

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Abstract

Injuries of the articular cartilage remain difficult to treat and can range from small articular cartilage defects to end-stage severe osteoarthritis. In this review, we discuss various surgical treatment options including imaging features and associated complications. Specifically, we review microfracture, acellular matrix-induced microfracture, autologous osteochondral transplantation, osteochondral allograft transplantation, autologous chondrocyte implantation, along with various forms of knee arthroplasties.

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