Radioactive seed localization is the preferred technique in nonpalpable breast cancer compared with wire-guided localization and radioguided occult lesion localization

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Abstract

Objectives

Three commonly used techniques for localization of nonpalpable breast cancer are radioactive seed localization (RSL), wire-guided localization (WGL) and radioguided occult lesion localization (ROLL). In this study, we analysed the surgical margins of these three techniques.

Methods

Women diagnosed with nonpalpable breast cancer undergoing breast-conserving surgery with one of the above-mentioned techniques were retrospectively included. The primary outcome parameter was tumour-free margin rate. Secondary outcomes were re-excision rate, recurrence of disease and volume of removed tissue.

Results

In total, 272 women were included in whom RSL (n=69), WGL (n=76) or ROLL (n=137) was performed. RSL showed a higher tumour-free margin rate [64 (92.8%)] compared with WGL [51 (67.1%)] and ROLL [113 (82.5%)] (P=0.001). In our multivariable analysis, RSL showed a higher tumour-free margin rate as well compared with WGL (P=0.036) and ROLL (P=0.049). Also, fewer re-excisions were encountered using RSL [5 (7.2%)] compared with WGL [13 (17.1%)] and ROLL [15 (10.9%)] (P=0.171). In 11 patients (WGL n=2, ROLL n=9), recurrence of disease occurred, despite a radical excision. The mean resection volumes were comparable within the three groups.

Conclusion

RSL results in a higher tumour-free margin rate in nonpalpable breast tumours compared with WGL and ROLL. Therefore, we prefer using RSL in nonpalpable breast tumours.

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