Predictors for Symptomatic Intracranial Hemorrhage After Endovascular Treatment of Acute Ischemic Stroke

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Abstract

Background and Purpose—

Symptomatic intracranial hemorrhage (SICH) pose a major safety concern for endovascular treatment of acute ischemic stroke. This study aimed to evaluate the risk and related factors of SICH after endovascular treatment in a real-world practice.

Methods—

Patients with stroke treated with stent-like retrievers for recanalizing a blocked artery in anterior circulation were enrolled from 21 stroke centers in China. Intracranial hemorrhage was classified as symptomatic and asymptomatic ones according to Heidelberg Bleeding Classification. Logistic regression was used to identify predictors for SICH.

Results—

Of the 632 enrolled patients, 101 (16.0%) were diagnosed with SICH within 72 hours after endovascular treatment. Ninety-day mortality was higher in patients with SICH than in patients without SICH (65.3% versus 18.8%; P<0.001). On multivariate analysis, baseline neutrophil ratio >0.83 (odds ratio [OR], 2.07; 95% confidence interval [CI], 1.24–3.46), pretreatment Alberta Stroke Program Early Computed Tomography Score of <6 (OR, 2.27; 95% CI, 1.24–4.14), stroke of cardioembolism type (OR, 1.91; 95% CI, 1.13–3.25), poor collateral circulation (OR, 1.97; 95% CI, 1.16–3.36), delay from symptoms onset to groin puncture >270 minutes (OR, 1.70; 95% CI, 1.03–2.80), >3 passes with retriever (OR, 2.55; 95% CI, 1.40–4.65) were associated with SICH after endovascular treatment.

Conclusions—

Incidence of SICH after thrombectomy is higher in Asian patients with acute ischemic stroke. Cardioembolic stroke, poor collateral circulation, delayed endovascular treatment, multiple passes with stent retriever device, lower pretreatment Alberta Stroke Program Early Computed Tomography Score, higher baseline neutrophil ratio may increase the risk of SICH.

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