Clinical Evaluation of Implant-Supported Removable Partial Dentures With a Stress-Breaking Attachment

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Abstract

Purpose:

The stress-breaking ball (SBB) attachment can distribute the occlusal force equally between the alveolar ridge and the implants. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the implant-supported distal extension removable partial dentures (RPDs) with SBB attachment in 10 patients who were partially edentulous.

Methods:

This randomized crossover study was designed to compare the function of RPDs with and without healing abutments and SBB attachments to support the posterior aspects of the RPDs. Mandibular jaw movements during mastication and the occlusal force and contact area were measured with a commercially available tracking device and pressure-sensitive sheets. Using a visual analog scale, 4 criteria—chewing, retention, stability, and comfort—were evaluated. All of the data obtained were analyzed using a 1-way analysis of variance (α = 0.05).

Results:

There were no significant differences in either the mean time or the coefficient of variation among the SBB attachments and healing abutments of implant-supported removable partial dentures (ISRPDs) and conventional removable partial dentures (CRPDs). SBB attachments and healing abutments of ISRPDs had greater forces and contact areas than those of CRPDs with significant differences. For all criteria, patients preferred SBB attachments to healing abutments and CRPDs.

Conclusions:

The implant-supported distal extension RPDs with SBB attachment improved denture stability and patients' satisfaction.

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