Total Knee Arthroplasty in Patients With Cerebral Palsy: A Matched Cohort Study to Patients With Osteoarthritis

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Abstract

Introduction:

Currently, few data examine the use of total knee arthroplasty (TKA) in patients with cerebral palsy (CP). This study reviewed the outcomes of TKA in patients with CP compared with a matched cohort undergoing TKA for primary osteoarthritis.

Methods:

Over a 28-year period, 15 TKAs in patients with a diagnosis of CP were identified. The cohort was 53% men, with a mean age of 58 years. Patients with CP were matched 1:2 based on age, sex, body mass index, and year of surgery with a group of patients undergoing TKA for osteoarthritis.

Results:

No difference was reported in implant survival (P = 0.27) or revision surgery (P = 0.79) between groups. All patients were ambulatory postoperatively, and significant increases were noted in the Knee Society score (P < 0.0001) and functional assessment (P = 0.003).

Discussion:

TKA is a safe, durable procedure in patients with CP to improve pain and function.

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