Variation in quality report viewing by providers and correlation with NICU quality metrics

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To examine variation in quality report viewing and assess correlation between provider report viewing and neonatal intensive care unit (NICU) quality.


Variation in report viewing sessions for 129 California Perinatal Quality Care Collaborative NICUs was examined. NICUs were stratified into tertiles based on their antenatal steroid (ANS) use and hospital-acquired infection (HAI) rates to compare report viewing session counts.


The number of report viewing sessions initiated by providers varied widely over a 2-year period (median = 11; mean = 25.5; s.d. = 45.19 sessions). Report viewing was not associated with differences in ANS use. Facilities with low HAI rates had less frequent report viewing. Facilities with high report views had significant improvements in HAI rates over time.


Available audit and feedback reports are utilized inconsistently across California NICUs despite evidence that report viewing is associated with improvements in quality of care delivery. Further studies are needed for reports to reach their theoretical potential.

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