Publication outcomes of neonatology abstracts presented at the Pediatric Academic Societies meeting

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To examine publication outcomes of neonatology abstracts presented at Pediatric Academic Society (PAS) meeting, and to analyze variables affecting publication.


All neonatology studies accepted for presentation (oral or poster) at 2008 PAS meeting were identified. A biphasic manual PubMed search of published articles was performed using a pre-designed algorithm.


A total of 1078 neonatology abstracts were presented at the meeting, among them 481 (44.62%) published by 2016. Abstracts presented orally versus posters (56.11 versus 42.32%; P < 0.001) and basic science versus clinical abstracts (53.08 versus 40.2%; P < 0.001) were more likely to be published. Positive or negative results of a study or its sample size did not predict rates of publication.


Less than half of the abstracts presented at the PAS meeting were published within 8 years. Oral presentations were more likely to be published than posters.

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