A Two-Step Method to Identify Positive Deviant Physician Organizations of Accountable Care Organizations with Robust Performance Management Systems.

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Abstract

OBJECTIVE

To identify positive deviant (PD) physician organizations of Accountable Care Organizations (ACOs) with robust performance management systems (PMSYS).

DATA SOURCE

Third National Survey of Physician Organizations (NSPO3, n = 1,398).

STUDY DESIGN

Organizational and external factors from NSPO3 were analyzed.

DATA COLLECTION/EXTRACTION METHODS

Linear regression estimated the association of internal and contextual factors on PMSYS. Two cutpoints (75th/90th percentiles) identified PDs with the largest residuals and highest PMSYS scores.

PRINCIPAL FINDINGS

A total of 65 and 41 PDs were identified using 75th and 90th percentiles cutpoints, respectively. The 90th percentile more strongly differentiated PDs from non-PDs. Having a high proportion of vulnerable patients appears to constrain PMSYS development.

CONCLUSIONS

Our PD identification method increases the likelihood that PD organizations selected for in-depth inquiry are high-performing organizations that exceed expectations.

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