REOX: Evaluation of the Efficacy of Retreatment With an Oxaliplatin-containing Regimen in Metastatic Colorectal Cancer: A Retrospective Single-center Study
Evaluation of the efficacy of re-challenging patients with metastatic colorectal carcinoma with oxaliplatin-containing regimen. We observed a benefit of reexposure to oxaliplatin in 83 patients with longest survival for those that presented partial response to primary oxaliplatin exposure.Background
Treatment of metastatic colorectal adenocarcinoma (mCRC) has evolved, and survival is over 30 months in contemporary trials. Nevertheless, there is a paucity of effective regimes after the first or second-line treatment. Thus, reexposure to previously used drugs has become a treatment strategy for some patients. We aimed to evaluate the efficacy of retreatment with an oxaliplatin-containing regimen in mCRC and correlate this with clinicopathologic features.Patients and Methods
We retrospectively analyzed 83 patients with mCRC who underwent reexposure to oxaliplatin (REOX). REOX was defined as a second trial of an oxaliplatin-containing regimen after a previous failure. Primary endpoint was time to treatment failure (TTF).Results
The median age was 53.5 years, and the female/male ratio was 51.8%/48.2%. The site of the primary tumor was colon (67.5%) and rectal (32.5%). KRAS was mutated in 39.8%. Liver-limited metastasis was found in 19.3% of patients. The main regimen was 5-fluorouracil, levoleucovorin, and oxaliplatin (mFOLFOX6) (84.3%). Bevacizumab and cetuximab were used in 42.2% and 6% of patients, respectively. REOX was used in the third and fourth lines in 48.2% and 25.3% of patients, respectively. The median TTF after REOX was 6.04 months. Overall survival (OS) was 10.04 months. Disease control (complete response + partial response + stable disease) was observed in 56.6%, whereas 42.2% had progressive disease. Partial response + complete response to previous oxaliplatin was predictive of prolonged OS. Patients who attained disease control had better median OS compared with those with progressive disease (14.5 vs. 6.24 months; P < .0001).Conclusion
In the setting of heavily pretreated patients with mCRC, REOX was an effective treatment, with mTTF of 6.04 months in our cohort. Selection of patients with the longest time since previous oxaliplatin can translate in better outcome. Further studies should be conducted to confirm our data.