Genetic association of aromatic hydrocarbon receptor and its repressor gene polymorphisms with risk of rheumatoid arthritis in Han Chinese populations
The goal of this study was to evaluate the potential relationship among polymorphisms of aromatic hydrocarbon receptor, aromatic hydrocarbon receptor repressor, and rheumatoid arthritis (RA) susceptibility as well as the association among the polymorphisms of aromatic hydrocarbon receptor, aromatic hydrocarbon receptor repressor, and their expression.
We performed a hospital-based, case–control study of 400 patients with RA and 726 healthy controls in Han Chinese populations. Two single-nucleotide polymorphisms were selected for genotyping including aromatic hydrocarbon receptor (rs2066853) and aromatic hydrocarbon receptor repressor (rs2292596).
To single-nucleotide polymorphism rs2292596, a statistically significantly increased risk of RA was found to be associated with the G allele of rs2292596; the odds ratio was 2.170 (95% confidence interval: 1.820–2.587). Unfortunately, no significant differences exhibited in the allelic and the genotype frequencies of rs2066853 between 2 groups. We failed to find any association between rs2066853, rs2292596 genotypes and their expression of patients, respectively. No statistical relationship was found between aromatic hydrocarbon receptor, aromatic hydrocarbon receptor repressor at messenger Ribonucleic acid levels and clinical data, either.
This study demonstrated that the polymorphisms of rs2292596 was significant with genetic susceptibility to RA patients; furthermore, it suggests the G allele of rs2292596 might be associated with a dangerous effect on RA in Han Chinese populations.