Functional validation of the oncogenic cooperativity and targeting potential of tuberous sclerosis mutation in medulloblastoma using a MYC-amplified model cell line
Medulloblastoma is the most common malignant brain tumor of childhood. To identify targetable vulnerabilities, we employed inhibitor screening that revealed mTOR inhibitor hypersensitivity in the MYC-overexpressing medulloblastoma cell line, D341. Concomitant exome sequencing unveiled an uncharacterized missense mutation, TSC2A415V, in these cells. We biochemically demonstrate that the TSC2A415V mutation is functionally deleterious, leading to shortened half-life and proteasome-mediated protein degradation. These data suggest that MYC cooperates with activated kinase pathways, enabling pharmacologic intervention in these treatment refractory tumors. We propose that identification of activated kinase pathways may allow for tailoring targeted therapy to improve survival and treatment-related morbidity in medulloblastoma.