HIV Transmission to Premature Very Low Birth Weight Infants

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There is sparse literature about HIV transmission in preterm infants. Eighty-two HIV-exposed preterm infants received birth polymerase chain reactions (PCRs). Five (6.1%) were HIV positive with all 5 mothers receiving inadequate antiretrovirals. Of the PCR-negative infants, 9 died and 87% of the survivors received further PCR testing which remained negative. With correct care, intrapartum transmission of HIV can virtually be eliminated.

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